Perspectives on nuclear issues
Nuclear is a fascinating and complex topic. Countless studies, opinion pieces and news articles are frequently released. Below are a number of links of interest that represent some of the voices contributing to the debates over the use of nuclear technology in Canada, including regulatory aspects.
- The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) recently completed its review of licence applications for a national spent fuel repository. SSM recommended approval of the applications and submitted a statement of its findings to the Government of Sweden. Read SSM’s news release for more information. Additionally, World Nuclear News has published an article on the SSM decision, which offers information on the next steps in the process. Taking into account the view of the Swedish environmental court, the final decision on the repository will be made by the Swedish government, and is expected in 2019.
- On January 30, 2018, TVO’s The Agenda hosted two discussions that offered valuable perspectives on nuclear. The first segment was titled Is Ontario Prepared for a Nuclear Emergency? and it focused on the Government of Ontario’s updated Provincial Nuclear Emergency Response Plan (PNERP) Master Plan. The second, titled Fukushima's Canadian Implications, provided a perspective on the radiological implications of the Fukushima nuclear disaster for Canada.
- A recent Forbes article showcases how safe nuclear energy is in comparison to all other energy sources around the world; in fact, it is safer than every other energy source. Strong regulations in the nuclear industry are cited as the reason for its significant safety record.
- On November 8, 2017, the International Irradiation Association released a technical abstract jointly published with the Gamma Industry Processing Alliance, titled Whitepaper – A Comparison of Gamma, E-Beam, X-Ray and Ethylene Oxide Technologies For The Industrial Sterilization Of Medical Devices And Healthcare Products. The paper compares and contrasts major sterilization methods for the healthcare industry, and highlights the advantages of different technologies used to ensure that these methods are safe for their intended use.
- On October 5, 2017, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Natural Resources released the government response to the fifth report of the Standing Committee on Natural Resources, titled The Nuclear Sector at a Crossroads: Fostering Innovation and Energy Security for Canada and the World. The response outlines “federal activities, programs, and engagement mechanisms – as well as the contributions of other nuclear sector stakeholders – to foster innovation, increase coordination, and support a strategic vision for the future of nuclear energy and nuclear science and technology in Canada”.
- On July 26, 2017, former commissioner Rumina Velshi met with Ian Burney, the Ambassador of Canada to Japan, to present The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission: Significant role at home and abroad, which gave an overview of the CNSC’s mandate, activities and the Commission.
- On July 25, 2017, former commissioner Rumina Velshi was invited by the Nuclear Energy Agency to participate in a two-day international mentoring workshop being organized in cooperation with Japan’s National Institute for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology. During the workshop, Ms. Velshi presented We can do it! Representation matters, which focused on the Canadian context of women studying and working in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields, with a goal to encourage women to pursue studies and careers in scientific fields.
- On June 9, 2017, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Natural Resources tabled the fifth report in its study of The Future of Canada’s Oil and Gas, Mining and Nuclear Sectors: Innovation, Sustainable Solutions and Economic Opportunities. The report, titled The Nuclear Sector at a Crossroads: Fostering Innovation and Energy Security for Canada and the World, provides an overview of the nuclear sector in Canada, discusses the restructuring of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development’s 2016 Audit of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, and waste management and decommissioning. The report concludes with a list of recommendations by the Committee.
- The University of Ottawa’s Positive Energy project released, the System Under Stress: Energy Decision-Making in Canada and the Need for Informed Reform report. The report examines core stress points in Canada’s energy landscape and suggests a way forward.
- The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists focused its 2016 Clock Symposium on the role that nuclear can play in achieving deep de-carbonization, and produced a report outlining the symposium’s discussion and findings. The symposium’s final report provided seven key takeaways based on its discussion.
- A recent Forbes.com article reported on small modular reactors cooled by molten lead. The article refers to the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission as a capable regulator with many decades of experience in safe nuclear plant design review and operations oversight.
- An article titled “Fears, Feelings, and Facts: Interactively Communicating Benefits and Risks of Medical Radiation With Patients” appeared in the American Journal of Roentgenology. The purpose of the article is to increase understanding and suggest strategies to improve communication of radiation risk in a medical setting (physician to patient). However, many of the insights from this paper can be applied in radiological risk communication in general. The following four topic areas are reviewed: 1) Shared medical decision making and informed consent, 2) Psychologic aspects of radiation risk communication, 3) Typical medical radiation risk communication approaches, 4) Suggestions for improved benefit and risk communication. The authors highlight that a person’s decisions and views can be influenced by the way benefit versus risk is communicated. Effective risk communication should consist of simple and clear messages, the use of numbers and visuals, an open two-way dialogue with people and an evaluation of the person’s understanding of the topic area.
- A recent collaborative study between Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, France’s Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, and Australia’s Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer (Bannister, L. et al. 2016) suggests that the current Canadian drinking water standards for tritium are sufficiently protective. Experiments showed that there was no increase in organ weight or increase in specific DNA abnormalities in the spleen of mice that were exposed to tritiated water at doses that reflect chronic human consumption. This study was partially funded by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.
- In a June 2016 TED talk, Joe Lassiter, Senior Fellow at Harvard Business School, focuses on one of the world’s most pressing problems: developing clean, secure and carbon-neutral supplies of reliable, low-cost energy. His analysis of the world's energy realities includes a look at nuclear power.
- David Ropeik, an instructor in the Environmental Studies Program of the Harvard Extension School and a consultant in risk communication, recently published an article titled “The Dangers of Radiophobia”. In this article, he explores society’s fear of nuclear radiation, arguing that the level of alarm far exceeds the actual danger and that these fears pose dangers of their own to human health.
- A recent article in Nuclear Engineering International magazine titled “Expanding the Table” discusses how nuclear safety regulators must maintain their independence to effectively provide impartial nuclear safety oversight to the nuclear industry, and that the strength of relationships and communication with a variety of stakeholders can contribute to an informed dialogue without compromising the regulator’s independence.
- On June 6, 2016, Canada 2020 hosted its 3rd Annual Global Energy Outlook. The event was headlined by Daniel Yergin, best-selling author and Vice Chairman of IHS and Founder of IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates. Mr. Yergin was joined on stage by the Honourable Jim Carr, Minister of Natural Resources, who posed questions on global energy trends and their impacts on Canada. Minister Carr raised nuclear energy, noting that most people in Canada do not know that 60 percent of Ontario’s electricity comes from nuclear. Mr. Yergin commented that nuclear has to be part of the agenda and that shutting it down is counterintuitive, especially if the current focus is to pursue renewable energy.
- The Guardian recently published an article entitled “Why it's time to dispel the myths about nuclear power” that clarifies some of the myths around the Chernobyl and Fukushima accidents.
- In February 2016, Bill Gates was featured in an interesting video in which he shared his views on combatting climate change. He uses an equation to calculate greenhouse gas emissions and explain the need for clean energy sources.
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